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Hospital in Vimercate

Vimercate (Milano) - Italy, 2010

With Mario Botta Architect
Davide Macullo Architect

At Vimercate Hospital, there are 1500 square metres of flowers that accompany and orientate visitors and staff about the building, creating a welcoming, hopeful space. The concept stems from the idea of the peaceful garden with photographic printed flowers ranging from rich red roses to delicate white lilies. The spaces adopt an emotional sense, they are calming, relaxing, respectful and uplifting. The presence of the flowers enhance the psychological wellbeing of the patients, their families and the medical teams and render the clinical spaces of the hospital humane. Healthcare environments can be challenging spaces to design and to inhabit. Emotions often run high; at times they can be distressing, at times, joyous. The introduction of flowers, water and natural elements brings a tranquility to the spaces, a pleasant distraction even. On a practical level, the varying prints serve to identify the different sectors of the hospital and offer a coherent circulation. The variety of flower was chosen by the medical staff from each division and each flower represents and is related to the therapy of that division. As a result, each medical department can be identified easily by visitors. Finding one’s way about the hospital becomes a case of following the flowers. For the concept of the children’s wing, we continued with the natural landscape theme. The pediatric area is conceived as a coloured forest, where corridors morph into places where stories emerge. The spaces are intended to create an alternative experience for children who find themselves in treatment. The circulation areas are studded with tree-like Corian forms, backlit with coloured LED lights. These spaces transport children from the difficult realities of the hospital to their own rose tinted world. The new hospital Vimercate, in operation since November 2010, is the protagonist of a futuristic lighting design that has transformed the building into a structure unparalleled in Italy, where the light is perfectly integrated in the architecture, creating an extremely pleasant. The new hospital complex Vimercate covers about 100,000 square meters and is divided into three blocks. The first, on three floors and a basement level, is for the reception on the first floor you will find the service of reception and acceptance. The second block consists of the plate, where there are the surgical ward, operating rooms, radiology, emergency room and all health functions. The third block, finally, connected to the plate, is intended to stay, and consists of four buildings "petal" willing to semi-radial. The design criteria for the selection of light sources and 'was dictated by the requirements of energy saving and environmental sustainability looking for the best technology considered ideal for the hospital complex, where the lights must remain on 24 hours a day, 365 days a year . Thanks to the technical OSRAM have seen extraordinary light effects that made the hospital environment more comfortable and welcoming, with a solution of LED lighting. Were used linear white and RGB LED modules, electronic transformers Optotronic, OtiDALI and control system Easy Color Control with PC programming and manual control on site. The white LED modules (approximately 2.6 Km) have created profiles, decorative lights, integrated in the corrugated metal panels that cover the walls of all public areas and department secretaries. White LEDs allow a saving of energy equal to 45 KW per hour compared to fluorescent lamps FHT5. The RGB LED modules (about 400 m) combined with special light structures mounted on the walls of the common areas, they lit the pediatric ward. The department has been programmed with 12 scenarios divided into two parts (one for males and one for females), each with a different cycle of colors that are called in sequence from OSRAM control devices placed in the area.